Gear Review—Homemade gravity-fed water filtration system

posted in: DIY, Gear, Hiking, Videos | 2
Gear Review—Homemade gravity-fed water filtration system
 (Rating: 5/5, 2 Votes)

Lots of people are passionate about their water filtration systems. It seems like an odd thing to hang your hat on, but whatever floats your boat. This is what I care about in order of importance when it comes to gear:

  1. Effectiveness
  2. Weight
  3. Ease of use
  4. Durability
  5. Dual-use

Where I usually hike, you don’t really have to filter your water if you’re high on the mountain. But after a recent bout with food poisoning (bad sushi), I realized that the convenience is simply not worth the risk. I eventually settled on this homemade system after exploring different methods of filtration.

System components

I use the Sawyer Squeeze as my filter. I bought the components of my gravity system separately, but they now sell a couple of them in the Sawyer Squeeze Hydration Kit. This includes the filter and the inline adapter (the gray nozzle in the picture). If you already have a Sawyer Squeeze, then you can buy the adapter separately. To complete the system, you’ll also need to pick up a bottle coupler, a shut-off hose clamp, and a Platypus Big Zip LP Reservoir.

System cost

All in all, this will run you about $65. That might seem high, but similar systems cost over $100.

For example, check out the Platypus Gravity Works System that’s around double the price of this system and weighs several ounces more (11.5 oz).

My gravity system is a better set-up because it’s modular. That means you can replace outdated or broken pieces when needed. You can also augment the system to suit your environment and needs as they change.

System set-up

This is not very complicated. The Platypus acts as a dirty water bag. You filter directly into clean water bottles.

  1. Cut the quick-disconnect hose with a utility knife so it’s just a few inches long. Save the mouthpiece for other uses.
  2. Thread the shut-off clamp onto the hose.
  3. Thread the hose onto the inline adapter.
  4. Screw the adapter into the dirty end of the filter.
  5. Screw the coupler onto the clean end of the filter.
  6. Tie some string on the Platypus mouth so you can hang the reservoir. I use a mini-carabiner so I can hang it from tree branches.
  7. Fill the reservoir with dirty water and hang it anywhere.
  8. Close the shut-off clamp on the hose and connect the tube/filter to the reservoir.
  9. Screw a SmartWater bottle into the coupler. I actually use two 1-liter Propel bottles (they’re more rigid) with SmartWater sport caps. They fit perfectly into the coupler. Don’t thread it too tightly because the air needs room to escape.
  10. Release the shut-off clamp while you fill the bottle.

Here’s what it looks like assembled and in use on the trail. Check out the flow rate. And this comes with zero effort other than filling and hanging the bag.

 

Using this method, the likelihood of cross-contamination is about as close to zero as you can get.

Pros

  • It’s stupid easy to use.
  • The wide mouth on the Platypus makes it easy to fill with dirty water.
  • There is no squeezing and no thin water bags that are prone to failure.
  • You don’t have to aim the filter over the water bottle.
  • It filters quickly while you’re free to do something else.
  • The shut-off allows you to stop the flow while you switch bottles without disconnecting the hose.
  • The bottles just hang from the hose. I said it was easy.
  • If you have two 1-liter water bottles, then this gives you a carrying capacity of 4 liters if you’re far from the next water source.
  • To clean the filter, you just unscrew the Sawyer and backflush it with the SmartWater bottle cap.
  • You can clean the reservoir and use it like a Camelbak when you’re out for day hikes. You just need another another quick-disconnect tube and the mouthpiece that came with reservoir.
  • If you think it might freeze, you just disconnect the hose from the reservoir and toss the filter into your sleeping bag.

Cons

  • More complicated than purification drops
  • The complete system (7.62 oz) weighs more than just screwing the Sawyer Squeeze (3 oz) onto a water bottle. But much of that weight is the 2-liter reservoir (3.5 oz) that you’re probably carrying anyway, or at least something similar. That means the weight penalty to turn your squeeze system into a gravity system is around 1 ounce.

Honestly, weight is the only issue here. This gravity-fed filtration system is a model of efficiency. You might wonder why a Sawyer Mini wouldn’t be better since this is an inline system. Well, the Sawyer Mini is really slow, the weight difference is negligible, and the Sawyer Squeeze can be unscrewed from the line and used right on the bottles if need be. That reliability and adaptability make the Squeeze a better choice than the Mini.

If you’re already carrying a filter and a reservoir (and you’re not fond of using bite valves), then why wouldn’t you implement this system? It weighs basically the same and makes everything easier.

Everything you need to make your own

If you shop through any Amazon link on this website, you support me at no cost to yourself. Learn more in my disclosure.

Home Brew Ohio EV-9QG7-Q9V8 Small Clamp


New From: $4.76 USD In Stock
Used from: $0.59 USD In Stock

Sawyer Products Inline Hydration Pack Adapter for Screw On Filter


New From: $5.75 USD In Stock
Used from: Out of Stock

Sawyer Products SP150 Coupling for Water Filtration Cleaning


New From: $2.99 USD In Stock
Used from: Out of Stock

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Gear Review—Homemade gravity-fed water filtration system
 (Rating: 5/5, 2 Votes)

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I'm the C.C. in C.C. Hikes. I'm a digital marketing specialist by trade and an avid weekend explorer. I built this site to log my travels to interesting parks, trails, and roadside attractions. You can use my travelog to discover fun places to visit and then use my interactive map to navigate there. Or browse through the categories to find something you like.

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2 Responses

  1. David Terrie

    Hi Chad,

    Enjoyed your JMT video. Last year I carried a DIY gravity system that employed an Evernew 2 liter bag. Total weight of bag, filter and cordage was 4.4oz. I suspended the bottle under the filter with a piece of cordage (hitch around filter, slip knot for bottle neck, pulled up to snug). Worked well enough, but the per liter fill time is 5-7 minutes vs the 1:45 first liter using your system with the Squeeze. I fiddled with my old system using the pop-up cap to stop the flow (sits inside mouth of bottle), but I find the hitch knot is too prone to slippage to make work reliably. It does seem that your system is very sensitive to how tight the coupler and bottle are screwed on. My first pass was 2:30, my last 1:45. The hose clamp is genius. Heading NOBO July 24 and will be taking your gravity system minus the Platypus bag, since I already have the Evernew bag, which I fill with a gallon baggie with a bottom corner snipped off. One other difference is that I suspend the bag using about 5′ of 2mm cordage. I secure it with a quick release hitch. Easy to adjust to circumstances, including suspending from my trekking poles above the tree line. So, thanks.

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